Gum disease prevention and treatment

Periodontal-treatment results

The teeth have two sorts of tissue –

  • the gums or gingiva (pink surrounding tissue)
  • the deeper periodontal tissue that supports the bone connections.

Both can become infected by bacteria.

Periodontal disease is an infectious disease, causing inflammation and breakdown of connective tissue and ultimately loss of the supporting bone around the teeth with eventual loss of the teeth. Like most infections it can be more virulent if the terrain is weakened and therefore more susceptible.

Oravital testind

At Lotus Dental we use Oravital BiofilmDNA™ diagnostics to ensure we treat the specific bacteria and microorganisms that are causing the periodontal problem.

Once you receive your diagnostics report you will also have the option of treatment with the Oravital® System, the most effective professional strength oral infection control system available.

Why does gum health matter so much?

The link between gum health and general heath

It’s not just about losing your teeth. There is a strong link between infected gums (periodontal disease) and heart disease, and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, stroke and premature births.

This may be direct cause and effect, where gum disease and the bacteria involved directly causes these problems, or it may be other manifestations of the same disease process. Infections, toxic load and other stresses on the system create an acid environment, circulation of free calcium, chronic inflammation and connective tissue breakdown.

Remember that autoimmune disease starts with inflammation, so the more we can reduce infection and inflammation in the body the better our chances of good health and longevity.

What does gum disease look like?

See the “before and after” image at the top of the page

Signs include red, bleeding gums; shrinking of the gums, exposing the roots of the teeth (getting “long in the tooth”); and in later stages the teeth begin to loosen and can move out of their normal position.

Gum disease will usually cause really bad breath and a bad taste as well.

X-ray gum diseaseYou can see the loss of supporting bone around the teeth on an X-ray. In chronically infected gums with deep pockets the dentist will often find pus when probing into the pocket.

An early sign of periodontal disease is bleeding gums when you brush or floss but often there are no symptoms or pain from gum disease so the patient is unaware of the severity of the situation until it is picked up during a dental examination.

What you can do to help prevent gum disease

Your everyday choices are essential to good gum health

Floss and brush daily to remove food and plaque. Eat a nutrient-rich, low inflammatory diet.

Smoking is a huge risk factor. It weakens your immune system and makes it harder to fight off infection. Once the gums are infected it makes it harder for them to heal.

Regular dental cleaning is essential. Your dentist or dental hygienist should treat the gums by physically removing the calcium deposits and bacteria at regular intervals of 4, 6, or 12 months, depending on your susceptibility to gum problems.

Spirochetes and gum disease

In aggressive gum disease we often find spirochete bacteria, the same kind of bacteria involved in Lyme disease and leprosy.

It is a communicable disease and these spirochetes and other bacteria can be passed on to children from their parents and other adults in close contact, setting them up for oral and general inflammation for the rest of their life.

Treatment

Step 1 – Testing

At Lotus Dental we use Oravital BiofilmDNA testing to identify the specific pathogenic bacteria, as well as any viruses and yeasts present in the mouth and an individual’s susceptibility to gum disease.

Step 2 – Care program

We can then design a customised oral care program for you including

  • Regular maintenance visits
  • Using soft tissue lasers and ozone to treat persistent infections and inflammation
  • Oral antimicrobial mouth rinses to target specific bacteria as determined by the testing.
  • In very severe cases surgery may be required to access the deep pockets to clean them out and make the area easier to maintain good oral hygiene at home.
  • Once the pathogenic or “bad” bacteria have been reduced it is very useful to build up the numbers of beneficial bacteria with oral probiotic lozenges in a similar way that we use probiotics to improve gut microflora.

By the use of all these tools in our treatment of periodontal disease, as well as providing nutritional advice and appropriate supplementation, we can reduce the total body burden of infection and inflammation. In turn this helps other inflammatory diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and arthritis, and ensure better oral health for all your family.

Eliminating the cause of bad breath will also do wonders for your social life!

So in summary…

If you want to maintain excellent overall health your teeth and gums are a key part of the equation. Along with a daily care routine, regular dental examinations and oral hygiene treatment are essential.